Ulcerative Colitis: Causes, Symptoms And Prevention

Posted 4 years ago


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Ulcerative Colitis (UC) is formed in the colon and rectum due to an inflammation which develops in them. UC is a combination of inflammation which leads to the ulcer formation. Though it has similarities with Crohn's disease, there are also some differences and both Crohn's disease and Ulcerative Colitis are part of the Inflammatory Bowel Syndrome (IBD). The difference between UC and Crohn's disease is that UC is found in the inner lining of the GUT (Gastrointestinal Tract) and the large intestine whereas Crohn's can affect the whole wall as well as any part of the GUT. Let's examine the causes and symptoms of UC, the diseases that can arise from it and preventive measures. A. Causes for UC: Though there are no general causes for UC, the following could possibly lead to it: -Genetic factors -Environmental factors like diet & breastfeeding -Autoimmune Disease characterized by T Cells infiltrating the colon which affect the GUT and cause UC. -High level of Hydrogen Sulfide in the intestine which reduces bacteria and causes UC B. Symptoms of UC: Let's see how to identify UC. -Diarrhea: This might be mixed with pus or mucus and might vary from mild to severe. Urgency to get to the toilet and sometimes feeling the need but being unable to void are some symptoms. -Blood: If blood is mixed in with the diarrhea (It is also called bloody diarrhea). -Cramps: While passing stools and in the abdomen. -Inflammation of the rectum (proctitis): This will affect only the rectum and the bleeding will also be only from the rectum. Added, stools instead of diarrhea will be formed. Feeling Generally Unwell: Fatigue, fever, nausea, weight loss, anemia, loss of appetite, loss of body fluids and nutrients and skin lesions. C. Diseases that could be caused due to UC: UC could lead to the following diseases: -Sometimes, it might lead to removal of the colon. -People suffering from UC have high risk of colon cancer. -UC causes failure of growth in children. -The effect of medications of UC might lead to Osteoporosis. D. Preventing UC: It could be treated through anti-inflammatory drugs, immunosuppressants and biological therapy by targeting specific components of the immune system. Normally, patients who have UC are advised to take mesalazine. It is mostly hereditary, usually develops in people between the age group of 15-30 and 60-80 and affects men and women equally. In any disease, instead of suffering it and going through the treatment, it is always better to prevent it. As said earlier, the reason for this disorder is unknown but the following preventive measures could be taken to avoid the occurrence of UC or minimize it: -Eating in small quantities and more often -Avoiding carbonated drinks Eating bland food as spicy foods and milk products could trigger UC in some people -Avoiding high-fiber food like corn and nuts -Always sticking to a well-balanced nutritious diet UC is a chronic disease. So the doctor's advice is essential and those with UC need to concentrate on their health, though they can lead a normal life. Research is still going on to find out the cause of this problem. Always remember, the key to a healthy life is taking balanced and healthy foods. ---------------------------------------------------- Dr. James S. Pendergraft opened the Orlando Women's Center in March 1996 to provide a full range of health care for women. http://www.womenscenter.com/ocala_womens_center.html

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